Anal fissure is a laceration, crack or tear in the vertical axis of the anal canal due to repeated trauma by hard stool.
An anal fissure is a break or tear in the skin of the anal canal. Anal fissures may be noticed by bright red anal bleeding on the toilet paper, sometimes in the toilet. If acute they may cause pain after defecation, but with chronic fissures pain intensity is often less.
Anal fissures usually extend from the anal opening and are usually located posteriorly in the midline, probably because of the relatively unsupported nature and poor perfusion of the anal wall in that location. Fissure depth may be superficial or sometimes down to the underlying sphincter muscle.
Causes of anal fissure
The main causes of anal fissures include:
- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
- Decreased blood flow to the area in older adults
- Too much tension in the sphincter muscles that control the anus
Symptoms of anal fissure
Signs and symptoms of an anal fissure include:
- Pain during bowel movements that can be severe
- Pain after bowel movements that can last up to several hours
- Bright red blood on the stool or toilet paper after a bowel movement
- Itching or irritation around the anus
- A visible crack in the skin around the anus
- A small lump or skin tag on the skin near the anal fissure
Risk factors involved:
- Prolonged diarrhea
- Multiple pregnancies
- Crohn’s disease
- Insertion of rectoscope, endoscope
- Anal cancer
- Immune system disorders
Homeopathic treatment for Anal Fissure
There are following remedies which are helpful in the treatment of anal fissure:
Aesculus hip, Causticum, Berberis, Graphites, Lachesis, Paenoia officinalis, Sulphur, Hydrastis, Ratanhia, Sedum acre, Platinum met, Petroleum, Ignatia, Nitric acid, Silicea
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